List of Select International Conventions, Treaties, Charters, and Declarations

For those of you who are preparing to participate in Model United Nations, I am giving right now a list of select international conventions, treaties, charters, and declarations. They will be very useful for you when you are looking to write your draft resolutions, to find those sources of international law that you need to write on the preambular clauses, and to gain some inspiration on what solutions can be proposed.

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The Future of International Humanitarian Law

I just returned from a debate competition on International Humanitarian Law (IHL), held in Bali, a few days ago. While in my opinion, the competition is marred with this and that, the competition raises a few issues contemporary to IHL, which worth further discussion.

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Debate: Should the ICRC be the Sole Organization Responsible for the Dissemination of IHL?

If you mention two variables: [1] international humanitarian law (IHL) and [2] international organization, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) will surely come across. As probably the organization that gave birth to the IHL, the ICRC is certainly responsible for disseminating the knowledge of IHL to everyone, especially to those who need to take the law into account, i.e. combatants.

However, today’s understanding of IHL has expanded to cover not only in times of armed conflict, but also in times of peace (i.e. post conflict situation). The responsibility to understand and uphold the IHL has also grown. However, it should be debated on whether the ICRC, the mother of IHL, should be the sole organization (sole party) responsible for the dissemination of IHL.

To begin with, I am writing this post in retrospect, since I got this motion almost three years ago during a debate competition. At that time, I was the affirmative side, yet I will build the case of both sides of the house here. The debate, of course, will not give you answer on which to believe, it may sill imply the affirmative is better, or the other way around.

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Menyoal Lambang Palang Merah

Ketika saya pertama mempublikasikan tulisan berikut di salah satu blog massa, respon yang saya dapat cukup luar biasa. Oleh karena itu, pada kesempatan ini saya akan menampilkan kembali tulisan tersebut secara lengkap, kemudian ikuti sampai akhir di mana saya akan memberikan pembahasan terhadap respon yang saya dapatkan.

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Sedih rasanya membaca kisah bagaimana sejumlah anggota dewan rakyat kita sedang berpikir begitu banyak uang yang harus dikeluarkan untuk studi banding soal sesuatu yang cukup jelas: Palang Merah. Miliaran rupiah uang yang saudara dan saya bayarkan dalam bentuk pajak harus digunakan untuk pergi memelajari sesuatu yang seharusnya sudah cukup jelas.

Artikel ini bisa jadi bukanlah pembahasan pertama atau satu-satunya mengenai lambang palang merah. Saya hanya akan menawarkan perspektif yang saya miliki, yaitu dari hasil belajar saya beberapa tahun belakangan mengenai Hukum Internasional Pada Masa Perang/Hukum Perikemanusiaan Internasional/Hukum Humaniter Internasional (International Humanitarian Law), di mana gerakan palang merah dan lambangnya sendiri memiliki makna sangat penting. Berikut ulasannya. Continue reading Menyoal Lambang Palang Merah

Rekor Hak Asasi Manusia?

Hari ini, delegasi Indonesia untuk PBB, diwakili oleh Menlu Marty Natalegawa, menyampaikan laporan hak asasi manusia di depan Konsil Hak Asasi Manusia PBB (UNHRC). Salah satu topik yang diangkat merupakan isu terhambatnya kebebasan beragama yang belakangan menjadi sorotan nasional dan dunia. Krusialkah masalah ini? Apa yang menjadi kunci?

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