Doing research for MUN

If you are preparing to participate in any MUN conference now, doing proper research will be inevitable. While as a student, research may be an activity that is already familiar to most, if not all, of you, doing research for a MUN conference takes another level of depth, especially considering that you are going to act and present in the manner of a different country or delegation, getting acquainted, understanding, and being able to work with your entire committee, and to be able to find the best solutions to the issues at hand, none of which can be achieve unless you have done your own homework: proper research.

Continue reading “Doing research for MUN”

MUN Exercise: Choosing the Right Word

In this exercise, you will match a word with a number of its synonyms that are considerably more ‘formal’, or appropriate to use in formal contexts. The goal of this exercise is to remind you of the ‘choice of words’ that you can utilize as you deliver your speech or write any conference document (e.g. position paper, draft resolution). Continue reading “MUN Exercise: Choosing the Right Word”

Model UN: Using the Qualified Majority Voting

So, you are joining a Model United Nations conference, and you are assigned to the Council of the European Union. Well done! An exciting conference is certainly in order. You start doing some research, you take a look at the rules of procedure.

As you flip through the pages, you read about the voting procedure.

Then, you read the words, “Qualified majority voting.”

Continue reading “Model UN: Using the Qualified Majority Voting”

List of Select International Conventions, Treaties, Charters, and Declarations

For those of you who are preparing to participate in Model United Nations, I am giving right now a list of select international conventions, treaties, charters, and declarations. They will be very useful for you when you are looking to write your draft resolutions, to find those sources of international law that you need to write on the preambular clauses, and to gain some inspiration on what solutions can be proposed.

Continue reading “List of Select International Conventions, Treaties, Charters, and Declarations”

SIMUN 7: Para Pemimpin Sidang

Tulisan ini merupakan tulisan ketujuh dari Seri Model United Nations, yaitu serangkaian artikel mengenal kegiatan simulasi sidang Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa (PBB) yang kini sedang populer di kalangan akademik muda, khususnya para pelajar dan mahasiswa. Tulisan ini disediakan secara cuma-cuma demi diseminasi ilmu pengetahuan. Jika Anda hendak mengutip sebagian dari tulisan ini, mohon melakukannya dengan kaidah akademik yang berlaku.

Continue reading “SIMUN 7: Para Pemimpin Sidang”

SIMUN 6: Position Paper

Tulisan ini merupakan tulisan keenam dari Seri Model United Nations, yaitu serangkaian artikel mengenal kegiatan simulasi sidang Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa (PBB) yang kini sedang populer di kalangan akademik muda, khususnya para pelajar dan mahasiswa. Tulisan ini disediakan secara cuma-cuma demi diseminasi ilmu pengetahuan. Jika Anda hendak mengutip sebagian dari tulisan ini, mohon melakukannya dengan kaidah akademik yang berlaku.

Continue reading “SIMUN 6: Position Paper”

MUN 101: Quorum

Dalam konferensi MUN, quorum adalah suatu jumlah minimum yang harus dipenuhi bagi sesi sidang yang bersangkutan untuk memulai debat substantif/proses voting. Besarnya quorum mungkin berbeda-beda antar konferensi. Untuk contoh, WorldMUN menetapkan bahwa quorum untuk memulai debat substantif adalah 1/4 dari delegasi (negara-negara diwakilkan), untuk proses voting adalah 1/2. Jika quorum tidak bisa dipenuhi, maka proses yang bersangkutan tidak bisa dimulai.

Pada komite di mana satu delegasi diwakili oleh lebih dari 1 orang, dan anggota delegasi diijinkan untuk meninggalkan ruangan untuk melakukan lobi, kehadiran salah satu dari anggota delegasi tersebut sudah cukup untuk mengetahui quorum.

During MUN conferences, quorum is a minimum number of delegations (not delegates) ought to be fulfilled at a certain session to begin substantive debate or voting procedures. The quorum number may differ for each conferences. For example, WorldMUN determines that quorum for starting a substantive debate is 1/4 of the delegations, for voting procedures is 1/2. If the quorum cannot be fulfilled, the said process may not be started.

For the committee that are multi-delegates for each delegation, and when the delegates are allowed to leave the room for lobbying, the presence of at least one of the delegates from each delegation is adequate to count the quorum.

MUN 101: Phrases

Kali ini, MUN 101 akan memberikan sejumlah frasa yang paling umum diucapkan selama konferensi MUN, yang pada umumnya dipakai di manapun konferensi MUN itu diadakan.

These are some of the commonly used phrases during MUN conferences, usually universally used wherever the conference is held.

“Decorum, delegates!”, or “Order! Order, delegates!”

Decorum merupakan bahasa Latin yang berarti sopan santun. Ketika chair mengetukkan gavel (palu sidang) dan mengatakan “Decorum”, berarti seluruh delegasi diharapkan dapat menjaga sopan santun dan ketertiban jalannya sidang. Hal yang sama ketika chair mengatakan “Order”.

Decorum is a Latin word meaning manners. When the chair knocks the gavel and says “Decorum”, it means that all delegates has to keep the manners and order of the session. It’s the same when the chair says “Order”.

“All those in favor?” often followed by “… please raise your placards.”

Kalimat ini diucapkan saat chair melakukan proses voting. Pada umumnya chair akan menggunakan pola kalimat demikian:

“We are going to vote on … . All those in favor (please raise your placards).”

Hal ini meminta delegasi untuk mengangkat placard mereka ketika mereka menyatakan setuju terhadap mosi yang dimaksud.

This phrase is used when the chair is to conduct a voting process. Commonly the chair will use this pattern of sentence:

“We are going to vote on … . All those in favor (please raise your placards).”

It requests the delegates to raise their placards when they are agree on certain motion being voted.

“Is there any motions on the floor?”

Hal ini diucapkan oleh chair ketika kesempatan untuk mengusulkan mosi telah dibuka. Jawaban yang diharapkan adalah mosi dari delegasi, misal:

“Is there any motions on the floor?”

“The Delegates of India would like to propose a moderated caucus for 10 minutes with 1 minute speaking time to discuss the presence of UN Peacekeeping force in Lebanon.”

“The motion is in order. Any other motions on the floor?”

Ketika chair mengatakan mosi tersebut bisa diajukan, chair biasanya akan mengatakan “the motion is in order.” Jika tidak, chair akan mengatakan “the motion is not in order”, atau seringkali menggunakan kata “I have to rule this dilatory.”

This phrase is used by the chair when the delegates are allowed to propose any motions. The expected response is on the form of motions from the Delegates, for example:

“Is there any motions on the floor?”

“The Delegates of India would like to propose a moderated caucus for 10 minutes with 1 minute speaking time to discuss the presence of UN Peacekeeping force in Lebanon.”

“The motion is in order. Any other motions on the floor?”

When the chair agrees that the motion may be proposed, the chair usually will say “the motion is in order”. If not, the chair will say “the motion is not in order”, or often use the phrase “I have to rule this dilatory.”