Categories
International Relations

Kisah Lahirnya Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa

Menyambut ulang tahun Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa (PBB) yang ke-70 pada tanggal 24 Oktober 2015 ini, berikut ini saya kisahkan sedikit sejarah lahirnya organisasi internasional antarpemerintah terbesar yang pernah ada dalam sejarah umat manusia. Tulisan ini adalah sebagian kecil dari berbagai tulisan mengenai dunia hubungan internasional yang saya tulis.

Categories
International Relations

Dear the United Nations

Dear the United Nations,

Let me begin by saying a happy seventieth anniversary to you.

Categories
National and International Law

Debate: Should the ICRC be the Sole Organization Responsible for the Dissemination of IHL?

If you mention two variables: [1] international humanitarian law (IHL) and [2] international organization, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) will surely come across. As probably the organization that gave birth to the IHL, the ICRC is certainly responsible for disseminating the knowledge of IHL to everyone, especially to those who need to take the law into account, i.e. combatants.

However, today’s understanding of IHL has expanded to cover not only in times of armed conflict, but also in times of peace (i.e. post conflict situation). The responsibility to understand and uphold the IHL has also grown. However, it should be debated on whether the ICRC, the mother of IHL, should be the sole organization (sole party) responsible for the dissemination of IHL.

To begin with, I am writing this post in retrospect, since I got this motion almost three years ago during a debate competition. At that time, I was the affirmative side, yet I will build the case of both sides of the house here. The debate, of course, will not give you answer on which to believe, it may sill imply the affirmative is better, or the other way around.